What To Look For In A Full Coverage Automobile Insurance Quote In New Jersey

What To Look For In A Full Coverage Automobile Insurance Quote In New Jersey

New Jersey, like almost every state in the Union, requires that its drivers purchase automobile insurance before they can take a vehicle onto any public roadway in the state. Anyone caught driving in New Jersey without insurance faces severe penalties as well as fines that can run into the hundreds or even thousands of dollars.

New Jersey requires its drivers to purchase far less insurance than many other states require of their drivers. In New Jersey the minimum insurance that any driver must purchase in order to legally drive is what is known as 15/30/5 plan, plus they are required to purchase Uninsured Motorist protection.

What this means is, a driver must purchase a Personal Injury Protection policy (known as a PIP Policy) that, at a minimum, provides $15,000 of medical protection for any individual in an accident with a maximum medical cap of $30,000 per accident, plus a driver must purchase a minimum of $5,000 in Liability (property) insurance that will repair or replace any vehicle or other property damaged in an accident. In addition, each driver must purchase Uninsured Motorist coverage in the same amounts in the event that you should become involved in an accident with a motorist who does not have insurance or who has insufficient insurance to pay for the damages of an accident.

As you might imagine, the state minimum amount of required insurance may not be sufficient in today’s world where almost any medical treatment can cost upwards of $15,000 and where even a small amount of body work can cost well over $5,000. In fact, if you purchase a new car and have it financed, your lender will require that you carry far more than the state minimum requirements for insurance.

If you are interested in full insurance coverage then in addition to Liability, Personal Injury Protection and Uninsured Motorist you will also need to purchase comprehensive insurance and collision insurance. Collision insurance covers the repair or replacement of your vehicle in the event of an accident, and comprehensive insurance covers your vehicle for natural calamities, such as a falling tree branch, a hail storm, or vandalism. Comprehensive is also the insurance that will pay for the repair of your vehicle if you should strike an animal, such as a deer.

Many people, especially drivers who own a home or who have a significant amount in life savings or who own other assets carry considerably more than the state-mandated minimum coverage in automobile insurance as a safeguard against an accident-related lawsuit.

Now that you know what to look for in a full coverage automobile insurance quote in New Jersey it’s time to think about ways to get that insurance at the best price possible. Fortunately there are dozens of websites which make that task relatively easy by automatically comparing the prices of an automobile insurance policy at several different insurance companies.

If you are sincere in your desire to find the cheapest full coverage automobile insurance then you will need to take the time to review the price quotes that you get from a minimum of 3 different websites.

Once you have done that the rest is simple – just choose the lowest-priced quote and you will not only know what to look for in a full coverage automobile insurance quote in New Jersey, but you’ll know just how to get the best price for it as well.

Never Shop For Auto Insurance Without These Great Tactics! (2)

Never Shop For Auto Insurance Without These Great Tactics!

Auto insurance is a legal requirement if you wish to operate a vehicle. While some policies may seem expensive, picking the kind of coverage you need and considering your budget can help you pick something affordable. Read this article for tips on how to choose the right auto insurance policy.

When it comes to auto insurance and elderly drivers it is important to know that traffic incidents involving them account for the most amount of casualties in contrast to all of the other ages. It is important to know this so that you fully understand the insurance rates that are quoted for you or your elderly parent.

If you severely damage your vehicle or total it, the insurance company will offer you an amount they think your vehicle is worth. If you don’t agree with the value they give you, get quotes from different auto dealers and prove the value of your car, to make sure you are getting the right amount.

Although many people realize that the type of car can affect the price of insurance, you should also be aware that the rarity of the car will change the price. If you have a car which has very expensive prices of repair, this will be reflected in the price of your insurance as well!

There are a number of steps you can take to reduce your automobile insurance premiums. One way is by maintaining a good credit score. Many insurance companies now use this statistic as part of their criteria in determining a client’s premiums. Joining an automobile club is also a good idea if you have a classic car. Most of these clubs offer members quality insurance policies at reduced rates.

Protect yourself, your passengers, and your insurance premiums by opting for cars with added or enhanced safety features whenever possible. Front and side airbags, passive restraint systems, and a variety of other safety options make your chance of serious injury much less in the event of an accident, which then keeps medical costs to a minimum. This translates into big savings for drivers of vehicles with these options.

When trying to settle your auto insurance claim don’t just settle for the person who calls you first. If you don’t like their offer, ask to speak to their supervisor, and their supervisor and so forth until you get the result you want. Since they don’t want you complaining to your friends and family, you have a good bargaining chip.

Since your car insurance premium is based on your past credit history and ratings, be sure you pay all your bills on time. This will keep your credit in good shape and ensure you are receiving the lowest insurance rates, because they are based on your credit report and history.

If you get into a car crash or other accident, it is too late to use insurance to cover costs to repair your vehicle. To avoid the illegal practice of driving without insurance, check out multiple policies and pick one you can afford. Remember these tips when looking for auto insurance.

How To Read A Vehicle History Report

How To Read A Vehicle History Report

Old cars don’t die, they just get resold. If you’re buying a used car, whether from a dealer or someone who put an ad in the paper, you’ll want to know as much about it as you can. Even without anyone trying to deceive you, the vehicle may have problems you can’t see from a simple visual inspection or even a short test drive.

A vehicle history report prepared by a third party is one way to know what you’re getting. Combining information from state DMVs and RMVs as well as police reports and other sources, a vehicle history report can give you a comprehensive overview of where the car’s been.

Here are some things to look for-or look out for-when you get a report on a vehicle. None of these things is necessarily a reason not to buy a car, but you shouldn’t make a decision without asking about anything you see on a vehicle history:

• Many owners. The more garages a car’s been in, the less likely it’s been lovingly cared for all its life. Not everyone is as assiduous about car care as you are. Rental cars and former taxis, for example, will often have undergone a lot of abuse, although they tend to be quite inexpensive.

• Location, location, location. Some parts of the country are more car-friendly than others. Winter storms (with their accompanying salted roads) can be rough on cars, as obviously can floods, excessive heat or even sea air. Cars that have been where these are common may have hidden damage.

• Name and description. Be sure the car in the report is the same as the car you’re looking at. Carefully reviewing the vehicle description is one way to avoid various types of vehicle fraud, like VIN cloning. A cloned vehicle involves using a vehicle identification number (VIN) from a legally owned, non-stolen vehicle to mask the identity of a similar make/ model stolen vehicle. Carfax reports include detailed descriptions of the vehicle, so you can make sure the car you’re reading about is the same as the one you’re looking at.

• Suspicious markings. Keep an eye out for records of body work that might indicate a prior unreported incident.

Vehicle history reports from Carfax are the most comprehensive available. The company’s database contains more than four billion records from thousands of public and private sources, including all Departments of Motor Vehicles (DMVs) in the United States and Canada and thousands of vehicle inspection stations, auto auctions, fleet management and rental agencies, automobile manufacturers, and fire and police departments.

5 Important Tips To Saving Money On Gasoline

5 Important Tips To Saving Money On Gasoline

If you are like many, the rising cost of gasoline may have you and your family in a financial crunch. Whether it’s getting back and forth to work, on weekend getaways or just to the grocery store, you will be glad to know that there are several ways to save money when it comes to your necessary commutes.

Carpool. If you live near colleagues who just happen to be traveling to work at the same time as you, it may be a good idea to carpool and save on the cost of gasoline. For instance, one colleague can drive one week and another the next. Depending on how many people you are commuting with, you could save a significant amount of money on gasoline costs and general everyday wear on your vehicle.

Drive slow. The harder your vehicle has to work, the more gasoline it will use. Not only is driving cautiously the safest thing to do, but it’s also an economical choice. When you accelerate and/or brake quickly, you will use more gasoline. Therefore, avoiding sudden actions could save you some extra bucks on the highway.

Scale down. We all know that some automobiles use more gasoline than others, so scaling down to a smaller vehicle will help you to save at the pump. When shopping for a more economical choice in automobiles, look for one that has good gas mileage per gallon.

Fill up when prices are down. You can save a significant amount of money by filling up your vehicle when gas prices are at a low point. Depending on your automobile, it may be difficult to let go of this much cash all at once, but it will save you money in the long-run.

Don’t leave your motor running unnecessarily. Many people, especially during the warm summer months, will leave their automobile and air conditioner running while they go into the store. Instead, roll down the windows or just wait until you return to the car and turn the air conditioner back on. Remember, it’s important that you never leave children or pets inside of the vehicle.

The information contained in this article is designed for reference purposes only. It should not be used as, in place of or in conjunction with professional financial or motor vehicle operational advice. For more information on your automobile’s gas mileage, refer to the owner’s manual that accompanied your vehicle.

Lets You Drive Your Way – Secured Auto Loan

Lets You Drive Your Way – Secured Auto Loan

Having an automobile in your home allows you to move freely without waiting for busses or trams in long queues. Just start your car and drive away at whatever places you want to go. Sounds nice!!!…But financing auto on their own may be a problem for many of the people, ending your dream to own an automobile. Secured auto loans are the right platform to support these dreams through apt financing.

Secured Auto Loans are currently the best and most economical source of funding your automobile. There are few things you need to consider when you are looking for secured auto loan deal for buying a new vehicle:

• You should be very sure about which automobile you want to buy.

• Look for the best automobile dealers in the market.

• Negotiate with those dealers regarding discounts and free accessories with the vehicle.

• Determine the amount which you can invest from your pocket.

However, secured auto loans can also be used for expenses on your existing vehicle like maintenance and upgrade, paint, buying accessories and music systems, servicing etc.

The name “Secured auto loan” itself tells you that these loans requires the borrower to offer certain collateral to the lender. The collateral is mostly your existing vehicle but you can also use any other valuable asset as the security against loan amount. These loans come at low rate of interest enabling you to make repayments of loan easily without affecting your pocket.

Loan market is flooded with secured auto loan lenders. This makes it very difficult for you to find the deal matching with your loan criteria. As most of the time you came to know about a better loan deal after you have applied for the other one. This leads you to pay more interest when a better rate is available in the market. So to avoid that you need to make proper research in the market by visiting to different lenders offices or you can use the online option which is easiest and most widely used method for searching loan lenders.

There are. You can simply log on to such websites and get free loan quotes. Online option also offers you tools for comparison of loans quotes such as debt and repayment calculators making life easier for you. But on the contrary, you should be beware about the loan sharks who can misuse the information you will provide them. So, it is always recommended to check, whether the lender is genuine or not by enquiring about their past record in the loan market.

Secured auto loans can help you drive your passion while giving you apt financial support which you are looking for a long time.

Steering and Suspension System – Auto Parts

Steering and Suspension System – Auto Parts

Most car owners and drivers do not know a lot about their car’s steering and suspension system. Suspension, when discussing cars, refers to the use of front and rear springs to suspend a vehicle’s “sprung” weight. The springs used on today’s cars and trucks are constructed in a variety of types, shapes, sizes, rates, and capacities. Types include leaf springs, coil springs, air springs, and torsion bars. These are used in sets of four for each vehicle, or they may be paired off in various combinations and are attached by several different mounting techniques.
The suspension system also includes shocks and/or struts, and sway bars. Back in the earliest days of automobile development, when most of the car’s weight (including the engine) was on the rear axle, steering was a simple matter of turning a tiller that pivoted the entire front axle. When the engine was moved to the front of the car, complex steering systems had to evolve. The modern automobile has come a long way since the days when “being self-propelled” been enough to satisfy the car owner. Improvements in suspension and steering, increased strength and durability of components, and advances in tire design and construction have made large contributions to riding comfort and to safe driving.
The suspension system has two basic functions, to keep the car’s wheels in firm contact with the road and to provide a comfortable ride for the passengers. A lot of the system’s work is done by the springs. Under normal conditions, the springs support the body of the car evenly by compressing and rebounding with every up-and-down movement. This up-and-down movement, however, causes bouncing and swaying after each bump and is very uncomfortable to the passenger. These undesirable effects are reduced by the shock absorbers.
Ford is one of the top carmakers globally. Throughout the years, Ford has continued to be one of the most popular and successful automobile manufacturers in the industry. With its global operations and top-selling model, Ford is ahead of its competitors. Replacement Ford Parts are one of the best selling aftermarket auto parts in the market. Millions of Ford auto parts are sold every year to service the needs of millions of Ford automobile owners all around the world. Ford owners can easily find the best auto parts for their vehicles at many stores. However, if you are in need of high quality, replacement Ford auto parts such as Ford A/C Condensers, Ford Bumpers, Ford Fuel Tanks, Ford Fog Lights, Ford Radiators and others, you should purchase only from a reliable and trusted store.
As one of the best automotive information sites in the Internet, Inner Auto Parts has gained many accolades. Now, it aims to widen its service by offering excellent quality auto parts at their fast and reliable replacement parts store. Offering millions of top-notch auto parts manufactured by the best in the auto parts industry, www.innerauto.com is positioned to be one of the best online auto parts stores in the country today. There is a huge variety of Ford Parts (www.innerauto.com/Ford_Parts) from Inner Auto Parts ranging from Ford Accessories, Ford Corner Lights, Ford Headlights, Ford Mirrors, Ford Wheels, Ford Window Regulator, and others. Ford owners can now have the best, reliable and durable Ford replacement parts fast and easy.

Road Traffic Accident Compensation

Road Traffic Accident Compensation

Most road traffic accident compensation involves two drivers, with a driver or passenger from the one vehicle seeking compensation from the driver of the second vehicle. Based on evidence that the accident was caused through negligence. The road traffic accident compensation claim will lead to legal proceedings that will involve the driver and possibly, passengers of both vehicles claiming injury as a result of the negligent driving on one the parties behalf . Typically, legal proceedings due to poor road design, will be against a local council. This can be on the basis that they to have failed to install proper signs maintained proper design or maintain a A road, high street or motorway. A road traffic accident compensation claim may also include a product liability claim lodged toward the manufacturer of a car or car part, claiming design or manufacturing defect which lead to the accident. Also, if a car mechanic or garage left a car in an unsafe condition, liability may fall within their responsibility.

Unique Situations
Unique situations can often arise in a road traffic accident compensation claim which make the legal proceedings more difficult. All parties involved may be liable for potential injuries and this will be considered during the course of any legal proceeding. Various issues that can arise from the accident itself include:

Leaving the scene of an accident: Is not so uncommon in the UK where the driver who causes an accident fails to stop at the place of the accident. This will make it difficult for the injured party involved make a positive ID and therefore bring the driver to court.
Pedestrians and Road Accidents: In such situations, a member of the public can suffer serious injuries as a result of a collision with a vehicle. Often time the conduct of the pedestrian is called into question making it difficult to make a claim against the driver.
Motorbike & Car Accidents: Motorcyclists are very much at risk in regards to personal injury when involved in a road traffic accident, even in collisions which would be relatively minor had they occurred between cars. Due to the nature of some motorcyclists, it may be prove difficult to obtain a far hearing from a jury as they’re commonly deemed ‘wreckless’ road users even if the other party is clearly at fault.
Bicyclists & Car Accidents: Bicyclists are among the most vulnerable road users. They are more likely to sustain serious injury when hit by cars or other vehicles. Various hazards such as doors opening in front of them are obvious causes of collisions as well as many others. Cyclists are often caught in the drivers blind spot and they often report that they did not see the bicyclist until it was too late.
Buses & Car Accidents: Bus accidents can also be quite serious. Due to the sheer size, passengers carried, a collision with a bus will not only see other road users worst off, but unmanaged passengers can also add to the already heated mix of a road accident. Any road traffic accident compensation claim will also be taken up with the operator of the bus not just the driver.
Unsafe road conditions: Where things like road debris and poor, uneven road surfaces abound, accidents can be common place. Whether this is in the form of parts which have fallen off of vehicles, or debris that is kicked up from the roadway, it can all be used as evidence in a road traffic accident compensation claim if the driver believes this was the cause of the accident.


If you need advice or would just like to speak to someone, please don’t hesitate to give Claims Master Group a call on 08000 71 22 71.

The Personal Injury, Accident Claim, No Win No Fee, Road Traffic Accident Compensation specialists.

How To Save Cash On Auto Insurance 4

How To Save Cash On Auto Insurance

Even people who do not need to commute to work will still most likely need an automobile. Whether shopping for groceries or always making sure you have a way to get around in case of emergencies, owning a vehicle is important and so is getting the right type of auto insurance. Check out these tips on insurance.

The best way to save money on your insurance is to never get into an accident. If you take good care of your car, and are careful when you drive, you will never have to file a claim. Your insurance company will reward you with a discount that can save you money on your premiums.

Verify that the information that is on your car insurance policy is accurate. Confirm the vehicle information as well as the driver information. This is one thing that many people do not do and if the information is incorrect, they could be paying more than they should be each month.

You can save money on your auto insurance if you are in a position to drop collision coverage. You might consider doing so if your vehicle is paid off and if you have enough in savings to cover the car’s replacement cost. The value of older cars drops dramatically, and if you’re willing to take on some out-of-pocket risk, you can save on your premiums.

One great auto insurance tip is to get uninsured motorist coverage. This is the best way to protect your family against drivers who are either underinsured or completely uninsured. You can’t control whether or not people take the risk of driving uninsured, but you can control whether or not your family members are protected from them.

A great tip for getting affordable auto insurance is to pay your policy in the full amount if you can. The reason is because you could be paying extra fees when paying your premiums on a monthly basis. Therefore, you should save as much money as you can now and pay your next premium in the full amount.

One thing that you can do to get low insurance rates on your car is purchasing a cheap automobile. Insurance is greatly influenced by what car you drive. Insurance companies rate your vehicle on a certain scale, and the higher your score is, the higher your insurance will be.

Decide how much coverage that you need to have. You may have a lien holder for your vehicle that requires you to carry a minimum amount of coverage. If you do not have a lien holder, you may find that the only minimum coverage that you need is mandated by the state that you live in.

The tips you have just read above were written by real auto-owners who have used the same methods in order to save money and to find the best type of insurance out there. If you can apply these tips, you can save a bundle on your next package without having to sacrifice on coverage options.

Knowing The Malaga Airport, Spain

Knowing The Malaga Airport, Spain

The Malaga Airport knows how to process large numbers of visitors, and rightfully so. Most of the people who are arriving in Spain to visit the Costal del Sol region use the Malaga Airport.

Malaga Airport Tips

Since this airport is used to a large amount of traffic they also know that travelers need a number of services and they strive to offer them. Once you get into one of the airport terminals look for an information desk. They will be able to give you a rundown of all the services that are available.

While there are two terminals at the airport, terminal two is the most commonly used one. Since this is likely the terminal you will be using for your flight home, make sure to give yourself plenty of extra time before your scheduled flight to check in, clear the security checkpoint area and make it to your departure gate.

Malaga Airport is a popular airport for flights from all over the world, so if you are looking at flying into this airport, chances are you can find a pretty good deal on airfare. Over 120 airports offer service to Malaga Airport.

Transportation to Your Destination

After you have landed and gathered your luggage, it’s time to get out of the airport and on to your travel destination. There are a number of options to consider for your ground transportation.

First, you may want to hire a car. This will let you have a vehicle of your own for your stay so you can come and go as you please. There are a number of car hire companies located at the airport itself. Or you can choose one in your destination town. They will pick you up at the airport and take you to your car, then return you to the airport when it is time to go home. This is a very popular method of ground transportation so you will want to book a car far in advance to make sure you can get the size vehicle you prefer.

If you don’t need to travel too far once you reach your destination, you may want to consider a taxi as you transport. How much you will pay for the ride will depend on whether your final destination is a town nearby, or if it’s quite a trek to get there.

A rail option is also available from the airport. There is a train that takes riders from the airport to the city, on 30-minute intervals, all day long.

Bus transportation options are three-fold. First the Malaga Airport bus, which is a public bus that will stop at a number of locations along the way. Next is the public minibus. This is best for larger groups of travelers. It will stop at a series of 10 destinations along the Costa del Sol and you will pay by the distance it is to your destination. If you are in a smaller traveling party, there is also a shuttle coach that travels to the coastal resorts in the Malaga area. If you want to use the shuttle bus, you need to book your seats in advance.

Buying A Pre-Owned Automobile

Buying A Pre-Owned Automobile

Purchasing a Pre-owned Automobile can be nerve racking for consumers. There are a number of concerns toward the integrity of the Automobile. In addition, it is difficult to compare the appearance and condition of a used car to the asking price. With some simple steps, a consumer can make a pre-owned purchase simple and know they are obtaining the vehicle for a reasonable price.
Understand the Sellers Mindset – Why is the Car for Sale?
Probably the most important factor to consider is the reason a vehicle is for sale. Factors of the owners life may have lead him or her to require a new vehicle. For example, their children may become involved in sports or a new child may have been introduced to the family. Reasons like this are good to hear. They indicate that the seller probably would have kept the car and was satisfied with the reliability and comforts offered.
In contrast, if the seller simply became sickened by the vehicle and upgraded, take a look at what they are driving now. Did they upgrade to a newer model of the same vehicle? If so, it is evident that they where pleased with the vehicle that was for sale. Otherwise, the vehicle may become a headache. If the seller purchased a different make and model, ask about the newer car. Their response will indicate what was important to them at the time they purchased the vehicle. These elements of importance are good indicators of things they disliked in the vehicle for sale. Therefore, if a hint of reliability is muttered, the vehicle for sale could be a, “lemon”.
What has been done to the Vehicle for sale?
Ask for receipts in advance. To learn what was done to a vehicle, receipts are fairly important and provide good proof along with the date service occurred. Ask for receipts in advance. The seller may have to dig through documents to find receipts for service and parts. Because of this, asking when viewing a vehicle may not be a wise choice. In contrast, if the seller knows in advance, he or she will have time to find all the related receipts.
Analyze the modifications that had been done. Did the owner install components that increase the fuel mileage? The vehicle may have been a financial burden. Did the owner install performance enhancing parts? The vehicle may have lacked power or did not perform satisfactorily. Did the owner install factory parts? This is a good indicator that the owner was satisfied with the vehicle and the parts proved reliable to him or her.
Modifications to a vehicle will usually prove to be unsatisfactory. Keep in mind, before a vehicle is manufactured, auto makers spend thousands of dollars in engineering the vehicle. They are primarily concerned with ergonomics, performance, and safety. These engineers found the stock tire created the perfect wheel for the vehicle, the exhaust system proved safe and provided the best engine performance, and the external engine components offered economical benefits without robbing motor performance. In most cases, modified parts are throwing away all the money spent on research and engineering in a vehicle. Unless there is a purpose other than what the vehicle was designed, racing or carrying heavy loads, it is a wise choice to look for stock parts.
What is the appearance of the Vehicle?
One of the best ways to judge a vehicle is by the appearance. A clean and neat interior is a good sign that person was happy with a vehicle. In contrast, a poorly maintained interior may indicate that the vehicle was neglected. Did the owner ensure the carpet was preserved by using mats? Are there any burn wholes in the upholstery? Did they clean spills in the vehicle or let them become stains in the carpeting? Neglect on the inside is commonly believed to provide good insight on a poorly maintained vehicle.
Walking around the outside vehicle can reveal the driving behavior of the current owner. Look at the drive wheels, are they worn significantly more than the other tires on the vehicle? This would indicate heavy acceleration, which is extremely abusive to internal engine parts and the drive train of the vehicle. Look for variations in the vehicles paint. If variations are seen, the vehicle could have been in an accident. Another indication of bodywork is to look for over-spray within the engine compartment and door jams. While a history report is fairly resourceful, accidents could have occurred that are not listed on the report. An inspection is always recommended. After a high speed accident, vehicles tend to have significant problems.
What is the Vehicle Worth?
Being value conscious is wise as a consumer. There are a number of resources that indicate a car value. In most cases, the seller of a pre-owned vehicle was offered a very low price as a trade-in value for their new vehicle. They are probably willing to sell the vehicle for less than, “book value,” as they are wisely attempting to gain more than what was offered at the dealer. However, book value can lack many considerations and used only as a reference point. The best way to judge the value is to shop. Look at similar models for sale and evaluate the condition and desired preferences.
Conduct research and read reviews of the vehicle. The vehicle may appear to be in mint condition, yet the owner neglected to bring the vehicle to a dealer for an important recall. Most would agree, this would greatly affect the overall condition as the vehicle may not be in safe working order. In addition, there are a variety of options available for each vehicle. Which options add value that can be confirmed on the vehicle for sale? Does the vehicle actually have the premium sound system and manufactures premium wheels? Put more effort into assessing the value then mileage and model, to ensure the vehicle is worth the asking price or making an offer.
Purchase a pre-owned vehicle with confidence
Through researching a desired vehicle and shopping around, a consumer can purchase a reliable vehicle and save thousands of dollars for their efforts. The savings in purchasing a pre-owned vehicle could be considered as a payment for the work done. In addition to savings, purchasing a well maintained pre-owned vehicle eliminates the fear of purchasing a poorly designed vehicle. There have been thousands of people whom purchased and tested the vehicle. The vehicle has something better than a crash test. It was tested in the real world.